Corruption in the public and private sectors carries very high risks for businesses investing in Iraq. Companies can expect to contend with several forms of corruption, including a deeply entrenched patronage network. Investors may also face pressure to take on well-connected local partners to avoid bureaucratic hurdles. The government of Iraq is facing several obstacles including corruption and security challenges, and political and humanitarian crisis, rendering the state very fragile. The Accountability Act criminalises corrupt acts such as passive and active bribery, abuse of office and extortion, but the Iraqi government failed to implement anti-corruption laws effectively and public officials engage in corruption with impunity. Bribery and giving gifts to ‘get things done’ are widespread practices in Iraq, despite being illegal.
The source: the Business Anti-corruption
Iraq’s Al Abadi blames corruption in government for rise of ISIL
The political class in Iraq has led a fiscal loot for public money for 13 years in search of influence. When oil prices began to fall recently and also affected state resources, all hopes of improving governance faded away. Reports and data compiled by the Independent Coordination Committee for Combating Corruption in Iraq report in the theft of public funds and the deliberate waste of US $ 23 billion on fictitious projects between 2005 and 2006, as well as the waste of US $ 48 billion to protect Iraqi officials between 2008 and 2014, Maliki's second term, which did not include the judicial authorities in the country on the list of wanted or prohibited from traveling, as I did with a number of officials.
UNICEF IRAQ HUMANITARIAN SITUATION REPORT
Since the start of this year, UNICEF partners provided psychosocial services (PSS) to 19,262 newly-registered IDP children (9,299 girls), specialized child protection services reached 2,424 IDP children (1,170 girls). UNICEF-supported mobile teams provided services in response to IDP children. In February, with UNICEF support the Directorate of Labour and Social Affairs (DoLSA) in Sulaymaniyah8 continued delivering case management, PSS, and awareness sessions on child protection topics. In Darbandikhan a UNICEF-supported DoLSA team reached earthquake-affected areas in Sara and Khelan district and provided PSS, case management and awareness raising sessions for 1,188 IDP children (600 girls), 373 host community children (181 girls). In February, nine reports of grave violations against child rights were verified, affecting 17 children. The verified incidents included killing of four children, injuring of eight children, and five children used by armed actors. The main cause of casualties were unexploded ordnance in areas that witnessed intensive military operations in 2017. During February reports were received of significant turnover of DoLSA staff in the Ninewa state care home where many unaccompanied children live. UNICEF is working to ensure new staff are adequately inducted on child protection sub-cluster/UNICEF support and services available.
The source: UNICEF